Best Practices

The mining sector in Mongolia has expanded dramatically over the past 30 years, bringing along environmental and social consequences and negatively impacting the livelihoods of local communities and herders.

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing causes financial losses and decline in fish catches, harms biodiversity, and facilitates transnational crime and threatening human security.

Most villagers around the Tonlé Sap lake rely on fishing activities to make a living, depending heavily on the seasonally flooded forests for fresh water, food, fuelwood and other essential natural resources.

Traditional burning practices are common in agriculture to clear residue from the fertile peatlands before planting new crops. However, consisting of layers of decomposed organic materials, burning peatlands release greenhouse gases that contribute to climate change.

The area around Toda Ladi in Jaipur was a wasteland, totally barren and uncultivable. Because of lack of vegetation and water scarcity, land degradation and desertification were on the rise.

The capacity of mangroves to mitigate extreme climate events became apparent after the Indian Ocean tsunami in 2004.

After the civil war, Cambodia has experienced high deforestation rates caused by illegal logging and unsustainable practices. Community forestry, a model of forest management that puts local communities at the centre of decision making, can accelerate reforestation.

A high rate of deforestation combined with an intense use of fertilisers had made the soil around the city of Deniyaya infertile and unproductive. Farmers were not acquainted with organic agricultural practices, which they feared would impact the size of their yield.

While innovation and technology can accelerate climate change mitigation and curb greenhouse gas emissions, levels of acceptance of new ways of doing things remain low among traditional societies.

Managing water resources in an equitable and sustainable manner in the context of climate change can be arduous in the Mekong region, especially in times of water scarcity.