Most villagers around the Tonlé Sap lake rely on fishing activities to make a living and they depend heavily on the seasonally flooded forests for fresh water, food, fuelwood and other essential natural resources.
Sugarcane production is an important activity and a major employer in the African agriculture, with an estimated six million people deriving their livelihood from the sugar industry. Given these contributions, any factor affecting the industry has an impact on the overall economy.
Livestock husbandry is a global contributor of socio-economy well-being by ensuring food security nevertheless, highly vulnerable to Climate Change impacts. In Mongolia, massive amounts of livestock die as extreme weather strikes.
This case study focuses on Material Flow but pays particularly attention to Municipal Waste Management. The aim of strategy is to develop a sustainable society by making a circular Material Flow.
City: Bac Ninh.
Country: Viet Nam.
Applied financing model: Provincial or city budget or Build and Transfer option through the land exchange for infrastructure investment from the private sector.
City: Bauang City.
Applied financing model: Public-private partnership (PPP).
City: Bitung City.
Applied financing model: National and local government budget and public-private partnership (PPP).
City: Krong Kracheh.
Applied financing model: Grant and private investment.
City: Luang Namtha.
Country: Lao People’s Democratic Republic (Lao PDR).
Applied financing model: Loan.
City: Sleman Regency.
Applied financing model: Local government budget for sanitation.