Several countries in Asia and the Pacific have launched high-level policy initiatives and action plans to promote green growth, and the green economy. As a consequence the demand for indicators of economic growth that supports, rather than detracts from, sustainable development, is growing.
Green growth indicator frameworks developed by international organisations and partnerships of organisations share a focus on a few key dimensions. These include human well-being, resource e ciency and productivity, economic transformation, environmental quality and natural capital, as well as policy responses. A review of the green growth policy priorities of many ESCAP member states shows that the policy context and the speci c objectives for green growth in developing countries require closer attention to indicators that explicitly address inequality, access to basic ecosystem services, human capital investments (including traditional knowledge); urbanisation patterns and infrastructure development; governance (transparency, accountability and inclusiveness); resilience and a sectoral perspective (including in particular agriculture).
This publication informs policy makers and practitioners involved in developing and monitoring green growth strategies. It proposes a framework for green growth indicators that seeks to respond to the context of developing countries and their expressed policy needs. It re ects ESCAP's mandate and experience in promoting, analysing and advocating green growth in the context of a broader vision of inclusive and sustainable development. In response to the mandate of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) the proposed framework is based on collaboration at the science-policy interface through the partnership of ESCAP with the Commonwealth, Scienti c and Industrial Research Organisation of Australia.