Publishing and disseminating data and statistics on the SDG indicators - referred to as SDG reporting - can be a valuable tool to help national governments achieve their goals by enabling policymakers to understand where their country stands in relation to the SDG targets, and how far they still need to go. Government officials can use this data to adjust their country’s development strategies, inform the distribution of resources, and engage stakeholders around specific goals. SDG reporting can also help improve access to national and subnational data and statistics, identify data gaps, and encourage collaboration across existing data programs.
Since the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its 17 SDGs were adopted in 2015, the international community has made notable progress towards SDG reporting. Many countries have begun to report on their progress through voluntary national reviews (VNRs)i and by developing national reporting platforms (NRPs).
The SDG National Reporting Initiative was launched in August 2017 as a two-year initiative led by the Center for Open Data Enterprise (CODE) and funded by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation to facilitate greater information-sharing on SDG reporting between international, regional, and local communities.
This report summarizes the state of SDG reporting as well as challenges and successes identified during CODE’s implementation of the SDG National Reporting Initiative. From August 2017 to August 2019, the CODE team undertook wide-ranging stakeholder consultations. The findings in this report build on the substantial work of national governments and organizations including the UN Statistics Division (UNSD), the UN Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the World Bank, The Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century (PARIS21), the Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN), the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development Data (GPSDD), and Open Data Watch, among many others.