ВОДА ДЛЯ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ

ВОДА ДЛЯ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ
Overview

water

 

Прогресс в решении проблем, связанных с водой, в соответствии с Целью 6 устойчивого развития (ЦУР 6) «Чистая вода и санитария» станет неотъемлемой частью реализации Повестки дня в области устойчивого развития на период до 2030 года в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе и ее 17 целей в области устойчивого развития (ЦУР).

Действительно, вода неразрывно связана с различными секторами общества, служа общей основой, просматриваемой практически во всех целях устойчивого развития. Если привести несколько примеров, чистая вода и санитария являются основным требованием для здоровья человека, а доступ к воде является требованием для сокращения бедности. Вода также является жизненно важным источником сельскохозяйственного производства, основным источником средств к существованию в регионе и производства энергии, так как вода используется для гидроэлектростанций и в качестве охлаждающего агента на электростанциях.

Азиатско-Тихоокеанский регион сталкивается с серьезными проблемами, связанными с водой:

• Это быстро урбанизирующийся регион, однако многие города сталкиваются с уязвимостями из-за устаревающих систем водоснабжения и неадекватной инфраструктуры;

• Доступ к улучшенным средствам санитарии крайне неравен между городскими и сельскими районами - в 2015 году этот разрыв составлял примерно 30%;

• На снабжение пресной и чистой водой влияет неадекватное управление сточными водами, при этом 80-90% городских сточных вод сбрасывается в резервуары с пресной водой;

Для решения этих проблем Экономическая и социальная комиссия ООН для Азии и Тихого океана (ЭСКАТО) оказывает поддержку своим странам-участницам в контексте недавно выработанной региональной дорожной карты для осуществления Повестки дня в области устойчивого развития на период до 2030 года. ЭСКАТО продвигает подходы комплексного управления водными ресурсами и повышения эффективности использования воды и оказывает поддержку в привлечении эффективных инвестиций и финансирования для экономики, основанной на воде. ЭСКАТО также поддерживает мониторинг ЦУР 6 в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе, а также комплексные подходы к планированию ЦУР с помощью недавно разработанного методологического инструмента, ориентированного на интеграцию ЦУР 6 с другими ЦУР.

Кроме того, ЭСКАТО оказывает региональную поддержку рамки ООН-Вода, которая координирует усилия подразделений ООН и международных организаций, занимающихся вопросами водоснабжения и санитарии во всем мире, и, в частности, привержена успешному проведению Международного десятилетия действий «Вода для устойчивого развития» в период 2018–2028 годов в Азии и Тихом океане.

Общие сведения
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Для поддержки последующей деятельности и обзора ЦУР ЭСКАТО готовит доклады и проводит Азиатско-Тихоокеанский форум по устойчивому развитию (APFSD). Будучи ежегодным инклюзивным и межправительственным форумом, APFSD оказывает поддержку Азиатско-Тихоокеанскому региону в подготовке к всемирному политическому форуму высокого уровня (ПФВУ) путем наращивания потенциала, сбора и обмена региональным видением и поддержки обзора прогресса в деле осуществления Повестки дня на период до 2030 года. Каждый год эти форумы посвящены различным ЦУР, организованных в рамках определенной темы. В 2018 году тема «Преобразования в целях создания жизнеспособных и устойчивых к внешним потрясениям обществ» сфокусирована на ЦУР 6, ЦУР 7 - Доступная и чистая энергия, ЦУР 11 - Устойчивые города и сообщества; ЦУР 12 - Ответственное потребление и производство, ЦУР 15 - Жизнь на суше и ЦУР 17 - Партнерство для достижения целей. Профили целей были разработаны в партнерстве с ЮНЕСКО, МОТ и ООН по окружающей среде для ЦУР 6, что обеспечивает статус регионального осуществления ЦУР 6 и связанных с ним проблем, многообещающие инновации и передовой опыт, а также приоритетность действий для достижения дальнейшего прогрессапо ЦУР 6 в Азиатско-Тихоокеанском регионе. 

Кроме того, ЭСКАТО поддерживает продвижение информационных ресурсов ООН-Вода по отчетности и предоставлению актуальных для политики посланий по ЦУР 6, которые призваны ускорить осуществление ЦУР 6.

ООН-Вода
un-water

 

UN-Water coordinates the efforts of UN entities- the UN-Water Members - and international organizations - the UN-Water Partners- working on water-related issues including sanitation and natural disasters, in order to maximize coherence and impact.

As part of its regional role in UN-Water, ESCAP hosts this Regional Knowledge Hub, which supports the sharing of UN-Water and UN Members and Partners’ publications on water of relevance to Asia and the Pacific, and supports awareness raising of key UN-Water events and initiatives.

 

UN-Water Events

wwd

World Water Day: the day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene facilities in developing countries;

world toilet day

UN Toilet Day: organised to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis;

 

UN-Water Initiatives

wwf8

The World Water Forum 8: organized by the World Water Council, a water-related event aimed to discuss global water-related topics.

world water decade

UN Decade on Water for Sustainable Development: established in support of the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 and other sustainable development-related goals. Amongst the key objectives is a greater focus on the sustainable development and integrated management of water resources, as well as on continued cooperation and partnership at all levels.

 

UN-Water Resources

nature-based solutions

Nature-Based Solutions for Water, the New WWDR 2018: soon to be released report informing policy and decision makers about the potential of nature-based solutions to water issues.

SDG6 Synthesis Report 2018

SDG 6 Synthesis Report 2018: The Sustainable Development Goal 6 Synthesis Report 2018 on Water and Sanitation reviews the global progress made towards achieving Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6) of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It builds on the latest data available for the 11 SDG 6 global indicators and will inform the High-level Political Forum for Sustainable Development during its in-depth review of SDG 6 in July 2018. The report represents a joint position from the United Nations family.

UNW-AIS

Operating as a user-friendly online platform, UN-Water Activity Information System (UNW-AIS) offers UN-Water, its members and partners, and the broader global audience easily accessible information on water-related projects and learning opportunities.

JMP report

The joint WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme is affiliated to UN-Water and was established in 1990. It builds on earlier monitoring activities carried out by WHO since the 1960s. The JMP’s objectives are to provide regular global reports on drinking-water and sanitation coverage to facilitate sector planning and management, to support countries in their efforts to improve their monitoring systems, and to provide information for advocacy.

Городская воды
urban water cycle management

 

Since 2016, over fifty per cent of the population of ESCAP member States live in ever expanding urban areas, creating a huge demand for water and wastewater treatment systems. Additionally, over ninety percent of natural disasters are water related (draught and floods), and are expected to worsen as the effects of climate change continue to amplify. To help cities achieve SDG 6 in Asia and the Pacific from an urban perspective, ESCAP is promoting integrated water solutions as a Governing Council Member of the Asia-Pacific Water Forum (APWF)[1], eco-efficient and climate resilient water infrastructure, and financing to support the water cycle.

Shifting towards water-hazard resilient infrastructure allows cities to provide safe and adequate water supply and sanitation services. These services are based on effective water-related ecosystems, water use efficiency, and a greater urban resilience to water-related disasters. Examples of water-hazard resilient infrastructure in Asia-Pacific include: rainwater catchment systems, decentralized wastewater treatment systems (DEWATS, explained further in the DEWATS e-learning courses, sponge cities, etc. Planning of the urban water cycle could be organized by mimicking the long-term, medium-term and short-term recovery loops through investment intervention points (in power point linked below, see Investment Points SDG 6.1-6.b in figure 5) to attain respective SDG 6 targets. Water-hazard resilient infrastructure can be examined further in the corresponding e-learning course.

Click the picture below to visualize the urban water cycle management animation.

urban water cycle management


[1] APWF also serves as the regional coordinator of preparations to the World Water Forum through provision of the coordination and facilitation platform for water security in the Asia-Pacific.

Инновационное финансирование
innovative finance

 

Meeting the sustainable development goal 6 (SDG 6) on Clean Water and Sanitation of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development requires revision of the financing and investment needs. Innovative financing and impact investment strategies for water and sanitation that produce social and environmental benefits are required. These impact investment strategies would have to be based on strengthened collaboration and partnerships between the public and private sectors- they are currently split eighty-twenty between the public and the private sector respectively- to maximise efficiency.

To address these challenges, ESCAP promotes a new financing paradigm strengthening public-public partnerships (PUPs) and encouraging public-private partnerships (PPP) through promotion of policies to incentivize collaborative partnerships between sectors.

In order to support a coordinated regional approach for finance for investments in water and sanitation and associated infrastructural needs, ESCAP facilitates the development of sub-regional/ regional water partnerships through the work of the Asia-Pacific Water Forum. In particular, ESCAP’s interventions focus on water markets and on promoting specific financial policy instruments such as water bonds, national water pricing schemes and reforms, as well as payment for ecosystems services. In addition, ESCAP facilitates the work of intergovernmental platforms (such as MEK-WATSAN in 2013-15, WEPA and AWAP (Asia Wastewater Partnership) in 2018) in the mobilization of funding for country-based water and sanitation projects.
 

  • Enabling Policies for Financing Water Related Sustainable Development Goals 

This discussion paper is focused on exploring policies, actions, and strategies to attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by improving the resilience of water systems and infrastructure. This requires strategic mobilization of public resources and augmenting the opportunities for private investment. 

Click here to read the publication
 

  • Urban Water and Sanitation Policies

To see examples of urban water and sanitation policies, please visit the tabs of “fact sheets” and “case studies” under the Sustainable Urbanization thematic area of the SDG Help Desk.
 

  • How to ease financing the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6 to “Ensure Availability and Sustainable Management of Water and Sanitation for All”

Learn more about how to unlock the financial potential of planning by linking Integrated Water Resource Management, the Water Cycles, and SDGs.

Click here to read the article on page 8 [Japan Water Forum 2019]

Интеграция
sdg integration

ESCAP provides support on integrated SDG planning and has in particular developed a methodology supporting integration of SDG 6 with other SDGs. Please refer to the dedicated thematic area on “Integration of  the SDGs into national planning” for further information.

Another big focus of ESCAP is supporting the management of the “Water, Energy, Food” nexus in urban contexts. The nexus approaches recognises the inextricable links between water security, energy security and food security. Water is indeed as critical input to agricultural production and to energy production, for the production of hydropower but also as a cooling agent in powerplants.

 

Publication:

Water and sanitation for all - bridging SDG 6 with other SDGs for sustainable development 

Click here to read the publication

Инструменты и методологии

Given the interconnected nature of water and all aspects of life, decision-makers and policy developers will need to approach issues with water and sustainable development with innovative and holistic strategies. To stimulate innovation under the umbrella of water for sustainable development, ESCAP members have compiled a list of relevant knowledge publications, event opportunities, and courses in the section below. Such topics as the water-energy-food nexus, waste-water management and effective strategies to tackle water and sanitation in Asia-Pacific can be explored and utilized to enhance strategies to meet the SDGs, particularly SDG 6.

un-water

UN-Water SDG 6 Data Portal

wwdr2019

 

irm 

Integrated Resource Management in Asian Cities: The Urban Nexus


 

water energy food


Water-Energy-Food Nexus in the Asia-Pacific Region

 

nexus assessment

Nexus Assessment

ITCILO

Integrated Monitoring of Water and Sanitation Related SDG 6 Targets - GEMI Webinars
 

Water: Addressing the Global Crisis
 

E-Learning Course, Water: Addressing the Global Crisis
 

escap

Financing Implementation of the Water-Related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

escap

Eco-Efficient Infrastructure Development: Towards a Green and Resilient Urban Future

 

SSP Journal
 

 

 


 


Sustainable Sanitation Practice (SSP) Journal


Manual on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation for water and sanitation practitioners
Manual on the human rights to safe drinking water and sanitation for water and sanitation practitioners

 


Water security and the sustainable development goals
 

Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Progress on Drinking Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
 


ВОДА ДЛЯ УСТОЙЧИВОГО РАЗВИТИЯ