- Capacity Building
Through the South-South in Action Series the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation encourages developing countries and partners to publish their successful policies, initiatives and activities that have led to the achievement of their development goals.
The “Good Practices in South-South and Triangular Cooperation for Sustainable Development Vol 2” publication – features Southern good practices that are relevant to the implementation of all 17 SDGs. They illustrate the central tenets of effective South-South and triangular cooperation. The publication highlights how Southern partners overcome shared challenges and accelerate progress towards sustainable development ranging from efforts to eradicate poverty; reduce inequality; support climate change action; and create peaceful and cohesive societies.
South-South Galaxy is a global knowledge sharing and partnership brokering platform, to serve as a consolidated one-stop-shop for South-South solutions for Southern partners. South-South Galaxy connects and links all of the existing South-South knowledge sharing platforms, making it easier for Southern partners to access, navigate and use. It will enable users to access a broad range of knowledge, solutions, research, partners and capacity building initiatives.
The 2019 Financing for Sustainable Development Report (FSDR) of the Inter-agency Task Force on Financing for Development warns that mobilizing sufficient financing remains a major challenge in implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Despite signs of progress, investments that are critical to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) remain underfunded and parts of the multilateral system are under strain.
This report examines the progress in the implementation of the Addis Ababa Action Agenda agreed at the Third International Conference on Financial for Development in Asia and the Pacific. The report highlights key developments in each of the agenda’s action areas discussing recent national policies and regional cooperation initiatives to mobilize domestic public resources, foster private business and finance, deepen international development cooperation, promote international trade, maintain macroeconomic and financial stability and make progress in science, technology and innovation.
The guidelines contained in this publication provide practical guidance for United Nations member States, policymakers, practitioners and other stakeholders to build, strengthen and implement effective multi-stakeholder partnerships aimed at accelerating implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the Asian and Pacific region. The guidelines also highlight some of the key challenges in, as well as main success factors for, building successful multi-stakeholder partnerships towards achieving the SDGs.
- Policy Coherence
The Institutional and Coordination Mechanisms guidance note aims to provide information on how countries have adapted their existing institutional and coordination frameworks or established new ones in order to implement the SDGs. It highlights efforts to mobilize institutions around the SDGs, improve their functioning, and promote horizontal and vertical coherence. The guidance note includes information on how responsibility is allocated amongst various levels of Government for coherent implementation and review of the 2030 Agenda. It provides an overview of key factors a country should consider when establishing a new institutional framework or adapting their existing one.
Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Agreement Database
The Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Agreement Database (APTIAD) is an online database of trade agreements in the Asia-Pacific region. The database contains information on all agreements within the region, an agreement-country matrix, and an advanced search engine allowing to locate agreements by country, agreement name, status, scope, WTO notification status, and keywords.
UN Global Survey on Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade
To help countries benchmark and reduce the time and cost of trading across the border, the UN Regional Commissions jointly conduct the UN Global Survey on Trade Facilitation and Paperless Trade. The Survey currently covers 120 countries around the globe, and 47 measures related to the WTO's Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), as well as emerging regional and global initiatives on paperless trade or e-trade, such as the recent Framework Agreement on Facilitation of Cross-Border Paperless Trade in Asia and the Pacific (FA-CPT). The Survey leads to the production of a Global Report and five Regional Reports, which aim at providing insightful information for policy makers to harness trade as a key means of implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Survey is conducted in collaboration with a growing number of global and regional partners, since 2015 and every two years.
ESCAP Trade Analytics Portal
The ESCAP Trade Analytics Portal allows researchers and policymakers to quantify the impacts of trade-related policies, from traditional tariffs to behind-the-border measures or institutional arrangements, on bilateral trade flows (imports/exports) in a user-friendly manner. Additionally, from the results, one can determine the trade potential (get an estimated to actual trade ratio) and generate trade simulations (e.g., what would the effect be on the exports of country X if its trading partners reduce tariffs by 1%).
TINA: Trade Intelligence and Negotiation Advisor
TINA aims to assist ESCAP member States in the negotiations of trade agreements, with the ultimate objective of enhancing trade in support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. It aims to guide governments in terms of whom they should negotiate with, what they should negotiate, and lastly, what will be the benefits of their negotiations.
ESCAP-World Bank Trade Cost Database
ESCAP initiated the development of a bilateral trade cost database in 2010 to increase understanding of the cost of trading between countries in Asia and the Pacific and beyond. The trade cost measure is a comprehensive all-inclusive measure based on micro-theory and calculated using macro-economic data, providing an alternative measure of trade facilitation performance. Following the release of a first version of the database in 2010 using trade and GDP data, an improved and expanded version 2 was released in December 2011 - based on gross output data and providing sectoral trade cost estimates for about 100 countries.
The Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Report (APTIR) provides information and independent analyses of regional trends and policy developments in trade, goods, and commercial services, as well as foreign direct investment. It also provides insights into the impacts of these recent and emerging developments on countries’ abilities to meet the challenges of achieving sustainable development.
This reference material is intended to help government officials in ESCAP member States to deepen and broaden their understanding of the WTO Agreement on Safeguards 1 as well as assist with improving their ability to effectively implement the safeguard measures which are compliant to their international obligations. Furthermore, since most of the bilateral or regional safeguard measures that are prescribed in preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are also based on the principles of WTO safeguard mechanisms, this manual can be a useful guide when considering the use of (i.e., negotiation to use) safeguards under the PTAs.
This report analyses the SDPs incorporated in a selected sample of 20 international investment agreements (IIA) and those contained in the 340 bilateral investment treaties (BITs) of eighteen Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs. It reveals that the sustainability gap between the two groups of IIAs is substantial. Compared with the sample IIAs, BITs of Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs not only contain a smaller number of SDPs, but these SDPs are also of fewer types and subtypes. This suggests that BITs of Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs are less sustainable development-oriented than the sample IIAs in general.
Furthermore, the comparative study of the types and subtypes of the SDPs of the two groups of IIAs also suggests that as BITs of Asia-Pacific LDCs and LLDCs contain less social SDPs and allow narrower access of non-state stakeholders to engage in investment governance, they appear less socialized and governance-oriented than the sample IIAs.