Ananya Kanojiya (18), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
“Climate change affects our family and community. For example, climate change affects human health, infrastructure, and transportation systems, as well as energy, food, and water supplies. Some groups of people will likely face greater challenges than others. Climate change may especially impact people who live in areas that are vulnerable to coastal storms, drought, and sea level rise or people who live in poverty, older adults, and immigrant communities. Similarly, some types of professions and industries may face considerable challenges from climate change. Professions that are closely linked to weather and climate, such as outdoor tourism, commerce, and agriculture, will likely be especially affected. The government should take steps to combat climate change, such as: protecting and restoring key ecosystems, supporting small agricultural producers, and promoting green energy.”
"The Climate Crisis has emerged as one of the most crucial generational issues facing us as mankind today. The impact it has and will have on the generations to come is largely unforeseen and that is what is concerning about it.
Rising concerns about the potential social, economic, and environmental impacts of greenhouse gases have led to major debates at a global level about the possible mitigation and adaptation strategies that nations should undertake to help them transition to a low carbon development pathway. The problem is a collective one and if we choose to not act collectively, we are certainly doomed.
What we fail to see is that every action we take has a direct impact on the climate and the burden of change is on us.
India is extremely vulnerable to climate impacts. For example, an increase in temperature can damage crops, threatening food security. A rise a level could submerge coastal areas like Mumbai. But, India is also now a major contributor to green house gases.
The time to act is now and we need to be shouting and demanding positive climate action."
Anonymous Female (25)
"Understanding climate change and taking necessary actions on the grassroot level is the need of the hour. Globally, this topic is discussed but still, in India, many people are not aware of this change, its causes, and it's impact. I believe each and every person on this planet should make a contribution to tackle this change. This should be progressively discussed in schools and villages. It is OUR responsibility to secure life of every living being on Earth….If there is an option to be chose between nature and development, chose nature!"
Anonymous Female (27)
"Awareness should be raised among every citizen in society, especially among the lower income groups."
Aashutosh Paliwal (19), Pune, Maharashtra
“Change in climate affects every single one of us. It will impact on our generation the most. I think it is probably going to result in increased destabilization with resource depletion, such as water loss and increases in disease. The government should take this seriously. For example, it can promote alternatives to animal products. We must also be prepared to step up and think big and go bold. The government should start a program to reduce the greenhouse effect. As we all know, greenhouse gases lead to global warming and global warming leads to climate change.”
Abhilash Banerjee, Kolkata, West Bengal
"Climate change affects human health and well-being through more extreme weather events, wildfires, decreased air quality, and diseases transmitted by insects, food, and water. I remember a time when the climate used to be so soothing. But as time passed, global warming has become a serious issue. This not only affect people as individuals but it also impacts the whole of society. The increasing temperatures on earth create problems such as increased frequency of heat strokes.
Staying out too long in this weather is especially hard for the senior citizens. This increasing heat also has its effects on the ecosystem. Land is drying which leads to drought, icebergs are melting which leads to rise in sea levels, and much more. All this combined together is really affecting human sustainability and agriculture, which provides one of the basic needs for human survival. So, we can say that this rise in temperature is creating bad situation to the only planet where life exists. Its high time that we, along with our government, control this rise in temperature by promoting vehicles that are eco-friendly; restoring rivers, forests, and other natural habits; controlling air pollution, water pollution, and land pollution from industrial and domestic sources; promoting water stations for local people; and working together.
Abhishek Pandey (24), Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh
"The magnitude of each impact of climate change depends on our collective choices. Greenhouse gas pollution, for example, is a the primary reason for climate change. It is widely impacting us and our families. The air situation is so bad that we cannot go outside without a mask and it can be lethal to breathe. The lifespan of a person living in metro cities is now 3 years less than a person living in a rural area. It is also affecting pregnant women and newborn children. Diseases on the rise from air pollution include heart attacks, strokes, lungs cancer, and respiratory infection among others.
We need to take initiative to save our mother planet and stop climate change. Actions should be taken by the government to promote the 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle), public transportation, and the sharing of vehicles among neighbours. The Delhi odd-even vehicle system is one good measure for controlling pollution and they should apply this system across India. The government should also encourage people to drive electric vehicles rather than vehicles that run on diesel and petrol. They should also encourage people to plant more trees and consider a coal ban."
Abhishek Sahu (23), Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
"When I was a child, it was not difficult to anticipate the climate as it changed based upon the seasons. Presently, it's not the same. We are currently confronting drastic climatic conditions in each season. At times, floods can clear out an entire town, downpours increase erosion, and sea levels are rising.
Once upon a time, the evening sky in my community would blend from orange to dim blue and finally to darkness. It isn’t the same anymore not due to air pollution. I miss the enchantment of nature.
We cannot censor a specific individual for change. We need to approach and teach the youth and persuade others to ensure that the planet is protected. We should make it a habit to plant a tree on our birthday celebrations or some other events. We must be inventive for the up and coming ages."
Aakriti Chaturvedi (22), Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh
"Climate change destabilizes the Earth’s temperature equilibrium and has far-reaching effects on human beings and the environment. As a society, we have structured our day-to-day lives around historical and current climate conditions. Climate changes affect our society through impacts on a number of different social, cultural, and natural resources. The direct consequences of man-made climate change include rising maximum temperatures, rising sea levels, higher ocean temperatures, an increase in heavy precipitation (especially in developing countries), health risks through heat waves, economic implications of dealing with secondary damage related to climate change, increasing the spread of pests and pathogens, and loss of biodiversity due to limited adaptive speed of flora and fauna.
Steps the government can take to combat climate change are protecting and restoring key ecosystems, supporting small agricultural producers, adapting, encouraging the use of renewable energy, and imposing a carbon tax."
Aditya Gupta (24), Samastipur, Bihar
“Climate Change is creating new health risks in communities across the globe. Extreme weather, unhealthy air quality, and disease outbreaks are becoming more frequent and more severe, affecting communities across the world.
Climate change means we need to prepare for the health risks of higher temperatures. Extreme heat can lead to heat stroke, heat cramps, dehydration, and death. Anyone from the community can be at risk. But some are more vulnerable, like pregnant women, people with health conditions, the elderly and etcetera.
The government can take various actions like establishing cooling centres, planting trees to lower urban temperatures, and deploying awareness campaigns to inform people (like drinking plenty of water). The government can also upgrade infrastructure and educate the communities on how to stay safe from climate change.”
Akanksha Sahani (18)
“Climate change-associated sea level rise has drowned some habitable islands, making people homeless or risking their lives. But the worst part is the exponential increase of global warming due to climate change which has yet to be faced.
To stop this we need to start by teaching children in their early age to respect nature so that before contributing to this climatic change they will place more thoughts on it.
Akshat Saxena (18), Etawah, Uttar Pradesh
"As a society we are experiencing many problems from climate change. This particularly impacts people of lower classes such as tribal communities. Climate change also adversely affects our wildlife and biodiversity. Many wild animals have lost their habitats and means to live. It affects our society too through economic, social, and natural consequences. Many farmers have also lost their livelihoods as they no longer have a source of income. Natural resources are declining and we need to focus more on getting maximum output by minimum utilization of resources. Climate change largely affects those who live in areas which are vulnerable and in condition of being shattered like slums and houses near water bodies. Similarly, some types of professions and industries could be badly affected due to climate change that are closely linked to the weather such as agriculture and tourism. Nowadays, the population is still increasing, so water and food grains demand is still increasing, but there is shortage of water due high demand and climate change.
We should support a green and fresh ecosystem through afforestation (planting of trees). The government can ban deforestation and take legal action against those who promote it. Also, various research and development programs of the government, such as the Advanced Research Project Agency-Energy, can drive progress in cleaning energy technologies and bring them into commercial use. Voluntary programs like the natural gas STAR program work with businesses to reduce emissions with public recognition."
Aliva Dey (27), Kolkata, West Bengal
"On June 2019, Chennai city officials declared “Zero Day” when all the reservoirs supplying water had run dry – due to three consecutive years of failed monsoon and a major heatwave in May 2019. It is predicted that by 2050, 21 Indian states, including metropolitan cities like Bengaluru, Kolkata, and New Delhi will run dry of ground water.
Deforestation, industrialisation, and unchecked population are contributors to the greenhouse effect and climate change. Establishments like thermal power plants emit greenhouse gases and contribute to waste into the water bodies. Deforestation for urbanisation (e.g. Aarey colony incident in Mumbai, October 2019) compounds heatwaves and severe floods. A study showed that the annual temperature of India is likely to increase by 4 degrees under high emission scenario by the end of 21st century.
Initiatives that the Government can take against climate change: Impose laws and enforce fines to prevent industrial pollution and deforestation activities. Promote renewable resource industries like hydroelectricity, solar and wind energy projects, and provide infrastructure for research and development. Encourage water harvesting projects for irrigation and consumption purpose. Promoting education and awareness among the present as well as future generation. Education brings conscience, conscience brings positive change, and this then brings freedom for a better world to live in."
Ananya, Pune, Maharashtra
"Global warming is really an issue that creates many problems. In the place that I live, the climate has become more extreme. Summers are even hotter, winter even cooler, rains cause floods, and there is little time that I can feel a favourable temperature. In summer, heat stroke kills a lot of people and farmers are of course suffering huge loses. Air conditioners are also not affordable for everyone but the situation has shifted it from a luxury good to a basic need.
I would suggest that the government ask both public and private manufacturing industries to shift from a linear economy to circular economy, which treats resources as limited and reduces, reuses, and recycles them. The government should also put in place better vehicle standards so that less pollution and particles remain in our environment. People should shift to bio-pesticide and organic farming as much as possible, which should be encouraged by the government. Furthermore, the government should ask people to shift to green energy as much as possible and make public transport affordable and comfortable for people."
Aniha Pradeep (18), Pune, Maharashtra
“We are aware about the basic effects of climate change on food, our homes, and our environment. However, the topic of mental health has finally been getting some more attention. Harmful gases not only result in various diseases but may also lead to an increase in issues like stress and anxiety. What we can do as individuals: The first and most important step is to educate the people around us; Decrease reliance on fossil fuels, use renewable resources; Consume less, waste less; Go green-ride bikes, plant trees, opt for public transport.
‘We have to work together for a healthier and safer environment, not only for us but for our coming generations as well’”
Ashita Shrivastava, Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh
“Climate change has brought about possibly irreversible alterations to earth’s ecological systems. Pollution has also led to the emergence of large-scale environment hazards to human health, such as extreme weather events, ozone depletion, and etcetera. Climate change affects human health as well as the availability of the food that we eat. The most adverse effects of climate change are also experienced hardest by poor and low-income communities around the world.
I would like my government to take various steps for climate change such as protecting and restoring the ecosystem, supporting small agricultural producers, and promoting green energy everywhere.”
"Climate change is not a one-day event, we can feel climate change's impacts observably for decades. The impact which I personally feel in my life, which affects me, my family, and community are:
A- Due to industrial development emissions, harmful gases have increased in our atmosphere and we can feel it by just simply breathing in our surroundings.
B- Lots of flora and fauna are going extinct if no precautionary measures are taken.
C-Warming of daily temperatures are due to climate change.
The environment should be our first priority in every policy. A balance between development and environment should be struck. The Go-Green initiative should be promoted. Finally, we need to think on a long-term basis."
Astha Gupta (19), Pune, Maharashtra
"Climate change is one of most alarming topics and should be taken into immediate consideration. From suddenly shifting weather patterns to degraded air quality, there have been a lot of adverse effects, which are now topic of severe concern. There has been disastrous floods , increased health risks, landslides, rise in ocean levels, melting of ice and other effects that can lead to respiratory problems. Climate change is not just a problem for humans but an alarming problem for the entire ecosystem, with major irreversible changes.
Steps that can be taken: 1. Limited the usage of available natural resources. 2. Ecosystem conservation. 3. Focusing more on 3R's: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. 4. Education and awareness-raising. 5. Afforestation. 6. Avoiding deforestation. 7. Research and development to develop innovative ideas to heal ecosystems. 8. Promote renewable energy. 9. Volunteerism for climate action campaigns. 10. Sustainable development.”
Avani Parekh (23), Chennai, Tamil Nadu
"Around the world, people are experiencing both subtle and stark effects of climate change. Gradually shifting weather patterns, rising sea levels, and more extreme weather events are all clear and devastating evidence of a rapidly changing climate.
The increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events like hurricanes, wildfires and droughts threaten the world’s food supply, the effects of which eventually end up on people like us, drive people from their homes, and separate families and livelihoods. And all of these effects increase the risk of hunger and poverty.
The government can play a vital role in combating climate change in every manner. At the end of the day it’s the government which has to educate people in utmost possible manner. Small actions can make a huge impact. As individuals: Save energy, use the car less, recycle more, make better consumption choices and engage in family planning. By following the this, we can reduce the burden on our environment. As the government: They should think in taking large scale measures- Protect and restore eco-systems, support small agricultural procedures, and promote green energy."
Bhairavi Laud (19), Belgaum, Karnataka
“During this pandemic all of us are worried about the cure and how to prevent the virus from spreading but have we ever thought what is next? How does our future look while we are not concerned about nature? It is always said that nature is the strongest of all, yet we have been challenging it. It's high time we think about our nature and climate.
Being from Belgaum, Karnataka, I have personally faced a drastic change in climate. Belgaum was once called the 2nd Mahabaleshwar (hill station in India's forested Western Ghats range) because of its pleasant climate, but there have been floods during the rainy season and high heat in the summer, and this year there was not enough rain to provide sufficient water for the city. The climate has become unpredictable, which is dangerous for our health and the ecosystem.
It is said that we are the first generation to know that we are destroying nature but we could be the last one that can do anything about it so it's time each one of us takes small steps towards helping our environment because it is rightly said that it makes no difference if one takes many steps but it makes a lot of difference if each one of us take one step. Steps like minimising the used of plastic, paper, and reducing food waste, water waste, and recycling. It is also important to minimize the use of vehicles for pollution reduction.”
Devarthi Vaidya (18), Nagpur, Maharashtra
“Change in climate is no longer just an environmental concern; it has emerged as the biggest issue for the planet and for all living beings. Climate change has a great impact on temperature rise, changes in precipitation patterns, and the emergence of more droughts and heat waves. This will damage our homes, outdoor work, and will become unbearable. Expenses will rise due to climatic change. For example, food prices can rise with volatility in supply.
As a citizen I recommend that the government combat climate change through regional planning and the protection of ecosystems. We must give absolute priority to the protection of nature, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, de-carbonize transportation, produce climate-friendly products, and spreading more awareness among the citizens.”
Dilip Chander, Warangal, Telangana
"Nowadays, weather has become unpredictable. This climate change is expected to increase the risk of illnesses. During the Summer, when the temperature rises, it causes lot of health issues and the rise of temperature is because of CO2 emission.
These climate changes are affecting people economically and also in terms of health. Healing the natural system is the most feasible, realistic, and fair option since it would benefit humanity and all species. In terms of conservation and restoration, we’re in a race against time, and we’re already beginning to witness alarming natural phenomena. Governments can make a difference by supporting small local producers who, unlike large factory farms, employ sustainable practices, care about land restoration, benefit nearby communities, and make animals and crops more resilient to climate change."
Diptimayee Sahoo (24)
"The increase in population is directly linked to deforestation as land is converted for agricultural and other uses to accommodate for a growing human population. An abrupt change in the monsoon, for example, could precipitate a major crisis, triggering more frequent droughts, greater flooding in large parts of India, and cyclones. Due to pollution associated with greenhouse gas emissions, people are also suffering from respiratory diseases.
During the summer season, we have faced interrupted power cuts as the increasing variability and long term decreases in river flows can pose a major challenge to hydropower plants. More than 60% of India's agriculture is rain fed, making the country highly dependent on groundwater. But the ground water resources are over exploited, hence there is scarcity. Sea level rise and storm surges will also lead to salt water intrusion in the coastal areas, contaminating drinking water.
To combat climate change the government should take following steps: Protect and restore key ecosystems by restoring the natural system. Promote green energy- while thermoelectric and hydroelectric energies were long considered the cheapest options, technological developments have allowed us to find better, cheaper, more efficient alternatives. Improvements in hydro-meteorological systems for weather forecasting and the installation of flood warning systems can help people move out of harm’s way before a weather-related disaster strikes too. Crop diversification, more efficient water use, and improved soil management practices, together with the development of drought-resistant crops can help reduce some of the negative impacts."
Gautam Patel (18), Maharashtra
“The most important things in life are water, food, and shelter. Climate change is affecting water bodies, crops of farmers are spoiled due to uneven rain, and people are facing migration problems because of uneven weather conditions. Also, according to the Global Asthma Report, among India 6% of children and 2% of adults have asthma. Why is that? Why more children are facing problems than adults? Because the new generations are exposed to the pollution since childhood; 1 lakh kids who are under 5 years of age die due to air pollution.
Actions: Proper guidance for large scale industries. Planting trees according to how much you pollute. Promoting more greenhouse agriculture. Developing a mindset to make more green jungles rather than concrete jungles. In the end, the change begins from us. Even if government applies rules, it depends on us. Only we can change this and we are all in this together.”
Gunjan Gaur, Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
"In a very real sense, climate variation is a redundant expression – climate is always varying. No two years are exactly alike, nor are any two decades, any two centuries, or any two millennia. However, it is the suddenness and severity of climate change today that is an issue.
As time passes, global warming has become a serious issue. This does not impact people as individuals alone, but is also affects the whole community. The problems which occur include skin diseases, heat stroke, cancer, and etc. It also having a serious impacts on world’s water system too through more flooding and droughts. The impacts on agriculture are notable, as it is the backbone of the Indian economy. About 65% of Indian population depends directly on agriculture and it accounts for around 22% of GDP. Rained agriculture occupies 67% of the net sown area, contributing to 44% of food grains and supporting 40 % of the population. It’s high time to look at this situation, from both the people and the government. Such steps that the government must take are: promoting vehicles that are eco-friendly; restoring the rivers, forests and other natural habits that can reduce the rise in the temperature; enact policies that encourage a speedy transition to clean energy such as wind and solar; and encourage reforms through programmes like the NFIP (National Flood Insurance Programme)."
Hardik Pandey (23), Ankleshwar, Gujarat
“It was found that two-thirds of extreme events in the last 20 years were influenced by humans. India’s first-ever climate change assessment report and researchers from Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), Pune have revealed that the country’s average temperature is expected to rise by 4.4 degree Celsius by the end of the year 2100.
The report warned that the rapid changes in the temperature would mean increasing stress on India’s natural ecosystems, agricultural output, and freshwater resources, which means a serious impact on the biodiversity, food, water and energy security, and public health.
According to the World Bank, an increase of just 2°C in the world’s average temperature in the next few decades will make India’s monsoon more unpredictable. The changing rain patterns in India are predicted to leave many areas flooded and others without water. More than 60% of India’s agriculture is dependent on rain and the majority of the population is dependent on the agriculture sector for their survival. This makes India more vulnerable to climate change. From the recent cases of natural disasters like the Chennai Floods, 2015, 2016 drought, 2019 Kerala floods, and etc., it is evident that there are no adequate arrangements made to mitigate them.
India is the third-largest emitter of GHG, accounting for over 5% of global emission and emissions from India have increased substantially. However, India is taking numerous measures to adapt and mitigate climate change by increasing energy efficiency, promoting a circular economy model, and promoting the use of renewable energy. The government is also increasing investments for afforestation to increase carbon uptake. India has set a target of 33% of its geographical area under forest cover, from its present cover of 21.67%. India has also allocated about $200 million for the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change to support adaptation activities that can mitigate the adverse impact of climate change.”
Hemant Pandey (25), Mumbai, Maharashtra
“I reside in the coastal area of Maharashtra and the rainfall is rapidly increasing year by year due to humanmade climate changes from an increase in greenhouse gas concentration which results in severe flooding in Mumbai for example. The climate of Mumbai is moderately hot with high level of humidity. We in Mumbai suffer from climate change. Floods are very painful for the community.
I would recommend the state government improve its drainage system. We need to invest more in mangrove jungles in the coastal areas rather than in the concrete jungles. Plastic bags should be banned as they end up in sewage system and block it. These are the major steps I want the government to take.”
Hetvi Trivedi (19), Pune, Maharashtra
“Climate change does not only affect me but has a devastating effect on our society. People's lives are at risk because of climate change like increase in waterborne diseases, poor air quality, floods, and deadly natural disasters being intensified by sea level rise and extreme weather. Warm temperatures can also worsen the air quality which causes chronic lung diseases. Outside workers are affected as well by extreme heat. It affects livestock and crops too. Steps that the government can take to combat climate change include: taking care of natural resources in order to absorb carbon dioxide, fining industries/companies that emit large amounts hazardous gases, riding bicycles or using public transport, organize public awareness events about the harmful effects of carbon dioxide, encourage people to plant many trees, and reduce the consumption of red meat as it produces more greenhouse gas emissions than other products. To save water, replace grass with native plants and collect rainwater and use it for activities that do not require quality drinking water.”
Jagriti Kumari, Kolkata, West Bengal
"Around 50% of people in India work in the agriculture sector and climate change really impacts India’s poor. On the other hand, others are experiencing more extreme heat waves and droughts. Some people may be particularly at risk from climate change such as the poor, young children, and the elderly.
The Indian government should declare a climate emergency immediately. There are many concrete steps which can be taken to address the threat of climate change. Some include: Rainwater can be harvested and the rivers could be restored to their original flow so that they can bring back the wetlands; The government should also encourage the use of public transport; Forest areas need to be increased so we can have more oxygen and fresh air; Burning of waste in outdoor places should be banned as it can cause a wildfire and it posses risks to the environment and public health by polluting the air we breathe."
Kashish Shivani (18), Agra, Uttar Pradesh
"Global warming can cause multiple consequences for human health such as heatstroke and other harmful effects. In addition, climate changes are estimated to cause over 150,000 deaths annually. Besides this, it also affects biodiversity, agriculture, and the economy.
We need to stop deforestation and promote afforestation. We can also start using bicycles instead of vehicles, and set time limits for vehicle usage. We can keep our main focus on creating a pollution free environment by doing such things. At least we can convince our friends and families to behave sustainably.
'If we all put little effort and contribute we could make this world a better place to live.' "
Kiran Maye Sukkala (22), Pune, Maharashtra
"First of all, despite some world leaders still denying the reality of climate change, it is a matter of legitimate concern. Though climate change is a natural phenomenon, the natural process is supposed to be quite slow. On the other hand, the climate change that we bear witness to today is quite unnatural. When the perspective changes from an individual to a family, the problems become more complex and imperative. Climate change affects an entire family economically, physically, and socially. In the physical aspect, serious ailments are occurring due to water contamination, air pollutants, and extreme weather changes. The treatment of health concerns can also result in the exhaustion of finances. Environmental degradation also cause unrest within society as the competition increases for limited available space. This competition is not just limited to the human community but pervades throughout biological ecosystems, ultimately resulting in the extinction of various species. Communities also have to face the brunt of human-made calamities that threaten the very foundations of their existence. Actions that governments can take to combat the climate crisis include: Conserving ecosystems and ecological hotspots; putting an end to deforestation and starting afforestation and reforestation projects; introducing transportation that runs on clean or renewable energy; ensuring the implementation of the use of renewable energy in various industries; implementing proper waste disposal instead of landfills; reduction in greenhouse gases emissions in general; restricting the use of fossil fuels; and creating awareness about climate change and its consequences so that people can consciously opt for environment-friendly choices."
Madhan Raja (25)
"It is hard to beleive that even after the cruel effects from disasters like the Kerala and Mozambique floods, Cyclone Fani and Titli, and severe events all over the world, policymakers still act as if they are deaf…no major action has been taken. To keep the Paris Agreement alive, we need to reduce the aggregate demand of all goods and services and enact effective deforestation and effective afforestation."
Madhukar Dubey (23), Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
“Climate change has a huge impact on not only human beings, but equally on all species. Global warming is one of the major problems facing us today. The government now is also taking active participation in making everyone aware about the future problems that our upcoming generation will have to face. Not only the human life but the life of each species is equally important. We all have already seen the magic of nature in the complete lockdown in many nations. There is a saying in India that goes 'start working on your idea from your home.’ The contribution of each and every one will one day result in a pollution free climate.”
Manoj Jat (21), Umbergaon, Gujarat
“Climate change is adversely affecting India, so we cannot think of climate change as something that needs to be addressed when it is too late. Climate change is affecting everyone. The government should be aware and take actions to combat climate change before it becomes worse for the country’s people to live. The government should take stock of different plans and strategies on how they can combat this difficult situation.
For example, urge each and every member of the country to support green recovery by reducing carbon emissions and pollution, planting more tress, saying no deforestation, and urging every fellow member to be part of this green recovery process. Renewable energy is the best choice for the environment and the economy.
Start a climate conversation- solving climate change requires us all to work together. We cannot do that without finding common ground with those who have not shared their perspectives.”
Momi Das (24), Guwahati, Assam
"We would like the policymakers and changemakers to take a bottom up approach, parallel with global collaboration. Grassroots level work to persuade change in the behaviour of people and raise awareness will disable ignorance. Policy is there but proper implementation is not, as in the case of banning single use plastic and segregating solid waste at source. The setting up of a State Wetland Authority for regulatory mechanism of wetlands will safeguard and conserve wetlands that host great biodiversity for example. Enacting sustainable development strategies will enable a halt on the cutting of age-old trees and safeguard an ecosystem."
Muskan Nigam (21), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
“Climate affects nearly every aspect of our lives, from our food sources to our transport infrastructure, from what clothes we wear, to where we go on holiday. It has a huge effect on our livelihoods, our health, and our future. Changes in climate can directly have an impact on the natural resources we are dependent upon which can affect us, our family, and community too.
I would like to recommend my government to take various steps for climate change as follows: reduce, reuse, recycle; plant trees; conserve water; reduce electricity use; and employ sustainable practices.”
Nikita Kankarwal, Pune, Maharashtra
“Twenty-five years ago, people could be excused for not knowing much, doing much, about the climate change. Today we have no excuse “
"Climate change has now become an alarming concern for the generation of today due its drastic impact on the lives of every individual. Climate change increases the risk of illness. Health impacts may include effects on the body's nervous and respiratory systems or liver and kidney damage. Think about the resources that are gifted to us by the nature. These have also been damaged due to the climate variability, further doubling the price of the resources that are meant to be available to us. Our food supply majorly depends on climate stability and water resources. As such, many crops and livestock are unlikely to thrive because of the disparate temperature and, as a result, production of crops is curtailed and can further hike up the prices of crops. Since climate change is proven fact, the government can follow 5 simple things to fight against climate change: protect and restore ecosystems, follow EU emissions trading schemes, act against forest loss, resource environment protecting agencies, and support small agricultural producers."
Neelima (22), Singrauli, Madhya Pradesh
"One of the most important impacts of climate change is damage to the home which can also increase the chance of loss of life. It can easily disrupt travel too. Intense storms can also contaminate the quality of water and, due to either less or more rain than usual, crops can be destroyed which will lead to loss of crops and hikes in the prices of food. In summer, more and more electricity is used for cooling. Either way, if the atmosphere is more cold or more hot due to climate change depending on where you are, and it results in the use of a lot of energy.
According to me, it's high time the government made some actionable decisions to combat climate change. But this is not only the responsibility of the government, this is for citizens also, that they will consume less energy and buy equipment with an energy star for example. The government should be stricter on deforestation and only those woods should be used which have already been harvested, instead of cutting down new ones. Maintain community gardens. People should use more and more renewable objects and electricity. The government should also support green and clean lives which will help resilience and adaptation and will not affect more impact on climate change. More and more small produces should be encouraged so there should be less amount of usage of resources."
Paheli Patwari (25), Kolkata, West Bengal
"Climate change is currently at the forefront of many political and environmental debates, but for many poorer regions, the effects of climate change are a daily reality.
Although the earth’s climate has been changing since its formation, temperatures have been rising rapidly since the industrial revolution. By burning fossil fuels and through other activities, humans increase emissions (greenhouse gasses that are trapped in earth’s atmosphere) like carbon dioxide and methane. These emissions trap energy in the atmosphere and increase the temperature of the earth. Temperatures have risen about 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit in the last century.
Climate change affects regions across the globe; however, people living in poverty are more affected, despite the fact that the 50 least developed countries in the world contribute only 1 percent of greenhouse gas emissions. Climate change can bring about disastrous weather events, of which about 99 percent of total related fatalities and 90 percent of all economic losses occur in less developed countries.
Climate change not only affects our society through impacts on a number of different social, cultural, and natural resources. For example, climate change affects human health, infrastructure, and transportation systems, as well as energy, food, and water supplies.
Social impacts vary but 'human systems, such as welfare, social aid and medical systems, are likely to be affected by climate change.' Climate change will change the way people live, work, worship, and play in their built and natural environments.
As a society, we have structured our day-to-day lives around historical and current climate conditions. We are accustomed to a normal range of conditions and may be sensitive to extremes that fall outside of this range.
By taking pro-active steps to becoming a climate-friendly community, you may be able to avoid or minimize some of the negative consequences being predicted for communities. Climate change can mean positive changes to the way we live in our communities.
According to NASA, 2016 was the hottest year globally on record. If current trends continue, the effects of climate change could push an additional 100 million individuals into poverty by 2030. To combat these global effects, it’s going to take all of us. Real change for the most vulnerable will only come with global participation: country-to-country, city-to-city, person-to-person. At One Day’s Wages, our goal is to be a part of the solution by taking small steps to make an impact on poor communities.
Some steps that government should take are:
- Protect and restore key ecosystems
- Support small agricultural producers
- Promote green energy
- Combat short-lived climate pollutants
- Bet on adaptation, not just mitigation"
Pallavi Pasi (23), Pune, Maharashtra
“Is climate change a myth or reality? For me, it’s a reality. Every continent, country, and community is suffering. People face food shortages due to uneven weather patterns caused by climate change which affects the crops. There is also a ripple effect where warmer temperatures lead to the use of cooling appliances, which in turn use a high amount of energy produced by burning fossil fuels, leading then to more heat. People spend a significant amount of their income for these facilities without saving or preparing for any financial or environmental damage which could occur. Climate change is affecting millions of people worldwide. Modern governments need to promote green alternatives to the people. Sustained and in-depth research and analysis can help the future generation transition to live more in sync with the environment, like investing in solar and wind energy or other projects that can be the foundation for a diverse, sustained, and vibrant community on this earth. Government should incentivize or provide subsidies to small scale and cottage industries which utilise green eco-friendly techniques. Companies must follow regulations strictly and a pollution audit would be maintained, resulting in lower production of various greenhouse gases and a healthier climate.”
Paridhi Hashan, Harda, Madhya Pradesh
"The emissions that cause excessive heat on the planet also damage our body and mind.
Because of global warming, glaciers melt and ocean water expands, leading to rising sea levels which adds to the volume of water creeping up coastlines and slowly swallowing land and homes. Extra carbon dioxide can also speed up photosynthesis and causing plants to grow with more sugar and less calcium, protein, zinc, and important vitamins.
The government should take following actions to combat Climate Change: Activate the 3 R’s (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle), Promote tree plantation, Promote an emission control system, Promote renewable energy, and Restrict the excess use of Fossil Fuels."
Piyush Golhani, Madhya Pradesh
"Climate change is one of the most serious challenges facing the world today and it is expected to have long term impacts. Climate change impacts the environment, water, health, agriculture, and other sectors.
The Narmada River is referred to as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh and fulfills all water needs in Madhya Pradesh, but now the Narmada faces a threat from increased human activities and also in the form of climate change, which is impacting the quality and also the quantity of water.
Agriculture is also one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. The impacts of climate change on agriculture will be one of the major deciding factors influencing the future of food security. In Madhya Pradesh, agriculture supports nearly 70% of the rural population, but agriculture in Madhya Pradesh faces major challenges related to climate change.
Some steps that the people and the government can take are: Regulating factories based on laws, Purifying river water in waterways, Promoting soil and water conservation technologies, Running campaign programmes."
Prachi Mohanty, Cuttack, Odisha
"Climate change has been affecting the environment of the whole country but Odisha is particularly vulnerable and has been affected by multiple natural disasters like cyclones, floods, drought, and dry lightning. A study reveals that the significant change in climate has a negative impact on Odisha’s agriculture revenue, infrastructure, and way of life. This state may witness more than around 42,334 deaths due to extreme heat alone. The economy of this state is also affected due to these disasters. Our family and friends that inhabit this state suffer a lot.
As climate change is becoming a global issue, we must be conscientious and aware. We can conduct awareness camps for climate change. We can act against forest loss by planting trees. The government also has to take steps for saving energy and reducing emissions.
Climate change is an issue facing the whole earth and it is increasing to an extreme level by the latest industrial revolution. Necessary steps must have to be taken as early as possible for the betterment of both our nature and the human beings."
Pragya Tripathi (24), Chhattisgarh
"The earth has warmed unprecedentedly over the last few decades. It is global issue and needs to be tackled globally. In respect to India, nature is at the core of its traditions. When we talk about panch tatvas- Prithvi (Earth), Vayu (Air), Jal (Water), Agni (Fire), Akash (Sky) and how our life systems are based on the harmonious functioning of these elements, the imbalances resulting from our greed and necessities have led to grave ecological consequences.
Impacts: Agriculture and food security – due to frequent floods and droughts; rise in sea level – mostly impacting coastal states; wildfire – loss of biodiversity; cyclones – every year frequent cyclones occur in the states of West Bengal and Odisha; spread of endemic and zoonotic diseases; fluctuations in monsoon patterns – directly impacting the Indian agriculture sector because of its dependency on monsoon rains; and scarcity of water.
The government can take the following steps: Green skills development program; Follow the Forest Conservation Act; Encourage research and innovation; Focus on 5R’s concepts – Refuse, Reduce, Reuse, Repurpose; and Recycle; and More focus on renewable energy."
Pratham Gupta (22), Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
"Seeing the current scenario of climatic changes, one can conclude that the change is not a good thing for the entire human race. One of the major reasons for climate change is global warming. Global warming is mainly caused by the emission of greenhouse gases. Changes in climate can directly have an impact on the natural resources we are dependent upon, which can affect us, our family, and our community as well. It can affect and cause a major problem to every person, irrespective of age.
Therefore, I would like to recommend my government to take some actions to tackle climate change as follows: Set permissible limits for industrial emissions; Try to conserve natural resources as much as possible; Put a ban on deforestation; Switch to renewable energy from fossil fuels (ex. solar); Encourage public tree planting; Encourage car-pooling."
Priyansha Prasad (21), Pune, Maharashtra
"Climate change is creating new health risks all over the community. Extreme weather and unhealthy air quality are becoming more severe and are affecting our families and communities. Changes in the climate means our community needs to prepare for increased health risks. Extreme heat can also lead to heat strokes and heat cramps in pregnant women and disproportionately affect people with heart or lung conditions, children, the elderly, outdoor workers, and others. The entire ecosystem is at risk including out pets and other animals too.
Communities/government can establish establish cooling centres, plant trees (including artificial forestation), and educate residents on ways to protect themselves by drinking plenty of water. In general, the government should conduct awareness programmes and also find out which geological locations are at risk and prepare before hand with the help of climate forecasting. Infrastructure such a roads and buildings should be upgraded with proper facilities to combat climate conditions. The government should also collaborate with community partners to set up health-focused air quality alert systems. These are a few ways in which we can help overcome the adverse effects of climate change taking place, nowadays."
Rahil Agarwal (21), Jamshedpur, Jharkhand
“Climate change impacts me, my family and my community in the following ways:
With rising temperatures, we suffer from heat exhaustion and heat stroke. Ground-level ozone, a major component of smog, increases as temperatures rise, causing coughing. Due to climate change, food price are rising. Droughts can have severe impacts on the stability and price of food. Temperature rise and precipitation increases/decreases both affect plant health and can, in addition, spoil food. Climate change is also associated with a loss of culture. For example, historical buildings and other heritage sites will be directly affected by changes in weather patterns.
The government can play a big role by enacting policies that encourage a speedy transition to clean energy such as wind and solar. No matter how fast we reduce emissions, we’re still going to have significant climate impacts. Government can make homes and structures more resilient to flooding and fires. Zoning laws can be revised to discourage building in areas that are at high risk for fire and flooding."
Ritwik Bakshi, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
"Climate is the critical factor for the lives and livelihoods of people and socio-economic development as a whole, but the changing climate will have consequences for all. On the banks of the Ganga (Ganges) in Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Here, in Varanasi, most of the people rely on groundwater that is regulated by the holy river Ganga. Due to frequent disposal of garlands, sewage inflow, industrial waste, animal carcasses, unclaimed human dead bodies, and nearly all other kind of biodegradable and chemical wastes, the water quality is greatly diminished. Meanwhile, the municipality extracts most of the water from the Ganga, which every household in Varanasi uses as its primary source. The water quality, due to the aformentioned reasons, gets worse and, thus, this leads to water borne disease such as amoebic dysentery, gastroenteritis, tape-worm infestations, typhoid, cholera, and etcetera that can all be exacerbated by the higher temperatures and flooding of climate change.
Frequent emissions from diesel generators, vehicles, nearby factories, and etcetera have worsened the air quality as well. Rapid constructions have decreased the number of trees in the near surroundings and, due to this, natural air filtration has almost vanished, leading to a higher number of airborne diseases in children, the elderly, and youth, most commonly asthma.
The government should take steps like: 1). compulsory mixing of cleaner fuels with petrol 2). compulsory use of CNG (compressed natural gas) in buses and trucks 3). compulsory PUC (Pollution Under Control) certificates. Abiding with these steps, our government and ourselves on an individual level can reduce pollution and prevent the most adverse effect of climate change on us and on our society as whole."
Ronak Jigar Dedhia (18), Maharashtra
“Unseasonably changing weather conditions impacts the lifestyle of individuals and communities. A decline in life expectancy is predicted to accompany warmer temperatures and air pollution. Intense storms and heavy precipitation will eventually end up degrading our infrastructure and resources, leaving a poorer life quality. As global temperatures continue to rise, climate change will affect our wallets, our health, our safety, and our lives. Many people are already feeling these impacts.
Individuals’ duty towards nature should be taught by national education systems. Awareness raising about the depletion of resources and suggesting quality measures to preserve them should be more common. Young minds who are working to bring constructive change for the betterment of nature should also be funded. Tax breaks can be applied in generation of green energy and subsidies can be provided for the use of natural gas in some areas as an alternative to “dirtier” fuels. The government is not the sole provider of change in society. Young shoulders of the nation are responsible for promoting and preserving nature in every possible way.”
Sakshi Nair, Mumbai, Maharashtra
Actions: Energy efficiency, electric cars, trains, and bicycles, adherence to emission norms, powering homes with renewable energy sources.
Sami Asif (19)
“Climate change is not a topic which can be overlooked anymore. It is a risk to wildlife, vegetation, and also mankind. My hometown experiences less rainfall and excessive heat most of the year. On some days, roads are partly invisible from smog and it would be too risky to drive in such situations. Respiratory diseases and related death are on the rise. There is always a sort of frustration and anger inside people.
It’s high time these matters be addressed. These factors are a danger to future our environment. Governments as well as citizens have to act fast, electrical appliance should be used as little as possible, more and more trees should be planted. The areas where planting trees are impossible should be installed with air purifiers. Most importantly, each and every human being should be educated on what affects our climate and what the consequences are.”
Sanjana Deshpande (22), Bhilai, Chhattisgarh
“The sun, ocean, rainfall, wind, earth, and forests are all connected with one another and complete an ecosystem. The planet is getting warmer with each passing day. The rise in temperature results in melting of glaciers into the sea and contributes to an increase of the global sea level by 0.3 cm a year. According to this, researchers assume that by the year 2040-2050, there is a possibility of some cities being getting submerged in the sea.”
Satya Pratim Talukdar (24), Guwahati, Assam
"Climate change has emerged as the most pressing global challenge of the 21st century. Today, there is an increase in understanding that climate change goes beyond political boundaries and affects the whole global population at large. Despite the fact that climate changes are appearing everywhere and are very common, its impacts are felt differently by different groups of people. Developing countries, with their low adaptive capacities, are highly likely to be harmed by climate induced tragedies. Assam state (in India), for instance, is extremely vulnerable to climate change due to both its geographic proximity to the delta region and poor socio-economic conditions. This vulnerability is reflected in the exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity of the local population to climate extreme events such as floods. It gets annual floods whose severity has risen due to adverse climatic conditions. According to the State Action Plan for Climate Change, the annual mean temperature in the state has increased by 0.59 degree Celsius over the last 60 years (1951 to 2010), and is likely to increase by 1.7-2.2 degree Celsius by 2050. Climate projections in the state action plan also predict that extreme rainfall events will increase by 38%. Around 32% of Assam’s population lives below the poverty line and, further, the majority of this population is dependent for its income on agriculture, which in turn is highly dependent on climatic factors such as precipitation and weather, and is frequently disrupted due to damage from floods. One can imagine the result of low incomes and high prices in the state in the face of events such as floods. The state has also lost visibly large tracts of land due to erosion over the last century. Climate change is even endangering the abundant tea plantations and the animals of the Kaziranga National Park (famous for its One-Horned Rhinoceroses); both of which are synonymous with Assam. Apart from the economic loss, the effect of climate distortion can also be seen on the population’s health and wellbeing.
The State government must implement a robust, holistic and transformative plan which requires inclusion of wider issues such as climate induced migration and conflict, which is particularly pertinent to the state and has a wide socio-economic implication. Economic forecasting along with mapping of climate change trends will aid in the planning and implementation of adaptation and mitigation measures throughout the state, helping it cope with the projected effects of climate change. The state government also must address the issues of sustainability of agricultural systems, energy sufficiency and efficiency, and enhanced impacts on health, among other issues."
Satyam Katiyar (21), Kannauj, Uttar Pradesh
"In India climate change brings disease and highly impacts rural areas. The government should take steps in highly effective areas like addressing the water and electricity supply. In the rainy season, many areas get affected by floods. It also effects marine life. The government should take steps to take care it before it gets out of control.
In India most of the metro cities also suffer from climate change, like Mumbai, Chennai, and Delhi . When its come to rain, most of the time Mumbai and Chennai are affected .
In the summer, some areas do not have enough water to drink. The farmers are also affected."
Shantanu Dubey, Madhya Pradesh
"The impacts of climate change include warming temperatures, changes in precipitation, increases in the frequency or intensity of some extreme weather events, and rising sea levels. These impacts threaten our health by affecting the food we eat, the water we drink, the air we breathe, and the weather we experience. As the average warmer temperatures will lead to hotter days and more frequent and longer heat waves, there will be more exposure to extreme heat which leads to heat stroke and dehydration, as well as cardiovascular, respiratory, and cerebrovascular disease to humans. Changes in the climate affect the air we humans breathe both indoors and outdoors. Warmer temperatures and shifting weather patterns can worsen air quality, which can lead to asthma attacks and other respiratory and cardiovascular health effects. Also, people are being exposed to higher levels of ground-level ozone, creating greater risk of dying prematurely or being admitted to the hospital for respiratory problems.
I recommend that political action change laws and regulations that relate to climate change.Carbon pricing methods, such as a carbon tax or an emissions trading system, are favoured by many economists as the most efficient and effective means to reduce GHG emissions.(i) protecting the poor and vulnerable sections of society through an inclusive and sustainable development strategy, sensitive to climate change; (ii) achieving national growth through ecological sustainability; (iii) devising efficient and cost-effective strategies for end use Demand Side Management; (iv) deploying appropriate technologies for both adaptation and mitigation of greenhouse gases emissions; (v) engineering new and innovative forms of market, regulatory, and voluntary mechanisms to promote sustainable development."
Shijin Varghese (27)
"Climate Change is a major issue happening. In our area, floods and landslides occur only because of human activity. Regulations should be more strict and the follow-up very thorough. Also, people should be aware and they should not damage the natural resources."
Shivam singh chauhan (23), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh
“Like world is fighting for COVID-19, in the same way or more we have to fight and take actions for climate change. For centuries we have been harming our earth and its high time that we cleanup what we have done. Climate change has affected my surroundings badly. Not only do we lack clean water to drink because of the chemical industry, uneven rainfall is also another issue for poor and lower class people in my city.
Action should be taken immediately. What we can do as youth, we can raise our voices and sign petitions asking government address the issues such as shutting down harmful facilities.”
Shivangi Sharma, Uttar Pradesh
"I remember those days of my childhood when I saw the sky at night and it was full of stars, but after a decade when I now see the same sky, I find a grey layer over it because of pollution. We found this problem everywhere, from the ground water level to air quality. What we inhale everyday is contaminated. One more problem that arises is climate change. The climate is rapidly changing. We are developing cities and countries at the cost of the environment. Some vital impacts are as follows:
• Temperature is continuously rising.
• The Arctic Ocean is expected to become ice free in summer before midcentury.
• Continuous rise in sea level.
• Ocean acidification is a major issue for marine life.
• Extreme weather events.
Our government can take small initiative to control climate change though:
• Promoting public transportation and using sustainable transport facilities to control fossil fuel emissions.
• Increase awareness about reduce, reuse and recycle.
• Plant more trees in public places.
• Avoid unnecessary deforestation for development projects.
• Increase the facilities of sustainable electricity generation."
Shubham Parihar (24), Kawardha, Chhattisgarh
"Issues: Air pollution causes toxic air, leading to asthma, eczema, psoriasis or acne. This also forces people to buy air filters and to wear unwanted masks. Poorly planned festivals may lead to traffic jams and more smog. Unsafe river embankments can result in floods sweeping away houses. Farmers are facing unpredictable rain patterns, causing severe losses to crops and forests.
Solutions: Automobile- Subsidising EVs, raising tarriffs on petrol-diesel vehicle to change people's choices and preferences. Industry- Carbon emission tax and a waste material dumping tax should increase substantially enough to stop misuse. Poultry- 'main cause of methane emission' so, by increasing taxes on poultry products, the industry's affects will be minimalized and the generated funds can be used for establishing new environmentally healthy businesses. Invest in the research and development of thorium power plants and cut usage of nature resources such as coal, crude oils etc. Introduce new air cleaner towers in metro cities such as Delhi and Mumbai to reduce pollution. Open recycling facilities and control all waste from cities. Open a new government Climate Department to fight everywhere climate change across the country."
Sourik Das, Kolkata, West Bengal
"Climate action is just what the doctor ordered. And we mean that quite literally. Medical professionals have increasingly been sounding the alarm about the risks and consequences of continually burning fossil fuels. Here’s the problem. The same dirty fossil fuel emissions that contribute to the greenhouse gas effect can lead to respiratory diseases – such as asthma – in children and adults. There’s really no place like home. But for many living in coastal communities, sea-level rise could lead to an unwanted (and sudden) move. No two people in this world are exactly the same. But there’s something that we all do, regardless of our culture, language, or personality. We all eat. So it’s hard to ignore the impacts of climate change on food.The same CO2 accumulating in our atmosphere, thanks to fossil fuels, is actually changing the composition of fruits and vegetables that we eat, making them less nutritious.
Climate change is not only hitting close to home – it’s knocking on the front door and demanding to come in. But we’re not going to let that happen. We know a lot about the climate crisis and we know how to fix it: by switching to cleaner sources of energy and reducing carbon emissions among other things. The government must:
PROTECT AND RESTORE KEY ECOSYSTEMS- Respect for nature is fundamental. Governments must protect ecosystems key to the fight against climate change such as rivers, wetlands, oceans, forests and mangroves, absorbing large quantities of carbon and slowing warming. Mangroves also serve as a barrier against tropical storms, and wetlands absorb excess water from floods, which are both extreme weather events exacerbated by climate change.
SUPPORT SMALL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCERS- According to the FAO, the meat industry is responsible for 15 to 18 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions, exceeding even those of the transportation sector. In addition, it is the most significant source of water use and contamination in the world. Today, 80 percent of all agricultural production goes toward feeding animals and not people. The expansion of land for livestock, and the crops to feed them, is the most significant cause of deforestation in the Amazon for example.
PROMOTE GREEN ENERGY- Thirty-five percent of all global emissions come from energy production. But as countries bet on more development, they’re also betting on more energy production.
COMBAT SHORT-LIVED CLIMATE POLLUTANTS- CO2 is the most infamous greenhouse gas. Since it remains in the atmosphere for centuries (even millennia), even if we stopped all its emissions sources today, the effects of climate change would continue. The good news is that other contaminants exist that contribute to climate change and only last a few days or years in the atmosphere. They’re known as short-lived climate pollutants, and they’re responsible for 30 to 45 percent of the emissions that cause global warming.
BET ON ADAPTATION, NOT JUST MITIGATION- In the fight against climate change, work aimed at reducing emissions, stopping their effects and diminishing future consequences is known as mitigation. It is important. However, some communities are already experiencing tragic consequences due to changes in the climate over a short period of time. So we also must act to prevent catastrophes, increase resilience, and reduce vulnerability, which is known as adaptation. Save energy. Take a look at the labels on your appliances, and never leave them on standby. Always adjust the thermostat for heating and air conditioning. By being careful how we use home appliances, we can save energy and, of course, money at the end of the month. Put the 3 R's of sustainability into practice Reduce: consume less, more efficiently. Reuse: take advantage of second-hand markets, to give new life to items that you don't use anymore or find something that someone else has gotten rid of that you need. You'll be saving money and reducing your consumption. Bartering is also a practical solution. Recycle: packaging, waste from electronics, etc."
Sunayna Meena (21), Ratlam, Madhya Pradesh
“Are we really concerned about climate change? If not, then there is a big problem. We need to cool down our earth! The climate has drastically changed in the last 10 years and it will continue to change exponentially in the next 10 years. This phenomenon is not only harmful for our mother earth but also to all the living beings on the planet. Pollution caused today is still reaching its peak and we can see the adverse effects on human beings. The numbers of new diseases are rising day by day. Awareness on this topic is really important. Season pattern change, frequent tornadoes, unbearable temperatures, etc are the symptoms of climate change.
Efforts to control climate change should be the priority of both individuals and of our government.The government is the best way from which we can ask help to control climate change. Steps to control climate change, from my view, include: Encourage the use of public transport; Protect and restore ecosystems; Go green and promote green energy; Support small agriculture; Managing short lived climate pollution; Ban all hazardous pollutants; Reuse, Reduce, Recycle; and many more things.”
Suraj Mishra (24), Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh
"Climatic change has become a global concern over the last few decades. As I am a resident of Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, climatic change is having various impacts on the ecosystem and ecology.
Due to rising pollution, and changes in rainfall, agriculture will be affected most and a number of species of plants have gone extinct.
The government needs to start researching climate change more and come to know that the earth's temperature is rising due to a phenomenon called the greenhouse effect. The warming up of earth surface affects our agriculture, water supply, transportation, and several other problems."
Tino Mary Thomas (28), Pathanamthitta, Kerala
"Climate change and its concerns are not heard by the middle and low class societies. A louder voice and enhanced awareness would enable, even the rag pickers, to fend to climate change and its effects. Effects of environmental destruction are not the prime concern of those whose professions are not associated with it. Hence, they do not think of effects that climate change can have on them and are unaware of that which provides for their well-being, the environment (which we economize), is under high risk. People are unaware that they indirectly contribute to environmental destruction. Awareness has to be made from grassroots levels, where the impacts, though quite minimal, account for a large number of population. Though there are many such initiatives, but the progress is slow. The COVID-19 pandemic has brought about a unique opportunity to appreciate what we have and to protect it."
Tridib Nandan, Kolkata, West Bengal
"Climate change in today’s world is a big concern. It has serious impacts and affects nature and the environment to a great extent. As time goes by, human beings are upgrading, creating and discovering. Industrialization, globalization and urbanisation are the main reason behind the drastic change in the climate nowadays. The opening of new industries and factories results in more production. More production, however, leads to more waste products being generated. Factories release some of their waste products through the air. For example, gases like carbon monoxide, nitrogen, nitrous oxide, carbondioxide, etc. get mixed up in the atmosphere, leading to a rise in temperature. These gases can also destroys the ozone layer, which results in effects on temperature patterns.
Depletion of the ozone layer also results in the entry of harmful radiations of the sun onto the earth which causes several diseases to human beings and it can also contribute to fatality. Even the gases from various types of transport and gases from refrigerators and air conditioners at our home have also contributed in depleting the ozone layer. Burning of fossil fuels also results in the emission of carbon black into the atmosphere whose particles are so small that it can enter one's body and then into our blood stream with ease through the walls of the lungs. These cause serious diseases, specially in elderly people, like cancer.
Global warming is the reason why cities like Delhi and Kolkata experience abnormal temperatures during the summer season. Temperature in these cities cross 40 degrees and stay like that for many days. Even temperatures during the winter season have also increased. This is also the reason people of such areas experiencing tornadoes and hurricanes. A warm atmosphere also leads to the melting of ice and glaciers in the Arctic or Antarctic zones, resulting in the rise in sea levels that will hamper coastal regions all around the world. Also, change in climate temperature leads to a change in wind patterns, which helps in bringing rain and snow to several places. That is why we experience unnatural and unpredictable climates. If we do not take certain serious measures against climate change, it will hamper our very own future generations through issues relating to water and food, health risks, and so on.
So, to reduce this climate change, the government should impose various rules and regulations on the most affected cities by climate change. For example:
1. The people should be made aware of climate change and its drastic effects that will hamper human life in the future.
2. The government should focus on alternative sources of energy like hydropower, biomass, solar power, geothermal, wind power, and so on.
3. The government should encourage people to use more bicycles or battery operated bikes, auto rickshaws and busses for transport.
4. The government should encourage people to plant more trees and to reduce deforestation. As forests are very important in controling the climate on earth, the government must encourage afforestation.
5. The government can issue pollution permits for every factory that emits pollutants into the environment. This basically involves giving the firm a legal right to pollute a certain amount into the atmosphere.
So, to conclude, we all should contribute to reduce pollution so that we give our future generation a chance to lead a healthy life."
Utkarsh Vashishtha, Uttar Pradesh
"Some important impacts of climate change are as follows:
• The average global temperature rise over the next 100 years is expected to be high.
• The Arctic Ocean is expected to become ice free in summer before midcentury.
• Loss of arable lands.
• According to WHO and the American Medical Association, there are more chances of pandemics and animal born disease due to climate change.
Recommended actions that would be taken by the government to combat climate change. Our government can take small initiative to control climate change through:
• Avoiding unnecessary deforestation for development projects.
• Increasing the facilities of sustainable electricity generation.
• Promoting water management techniques to citizens.
• Promoting carpooling in big cities.
• Increasing awareness about reduce, reuse and recycle."
Vartika Rawat (18), Agra, Uttar Pradesh
"Rapid climate change poses a great threat to animals, with 1 million animal and plant species facing extinction due to climate change and other human activity. Global warming also gives rise to heat waves which is bad for human health and increases the transmission of vector borne infectious diseases. The government should assist afforestation and drive sustainable transportation practices
‘We have to wake up to the fierce urgency of the now’."
Yash Goyal (22), Faridabad, Haryana
“Climate change has impacted my surrounding in many ways. Earlier in my life, I used to sleep on the terrace under the stars and moon in the summer. Now, the pollution and weather does not permit this. In my area almost 80% of people used to sleep like this, but nowadays only those who do not have many resources, such as migrants, sleep on terraces without air conditioning. My mother and grandmother are sick frequently due to improper weather and lack of natural vitamins.
The government should save rain water and conserve it for electricity production. Registration of heavy domestic vehicles should be banned by road tax authorities, only allowing them in the case of a large family. Those who use vehicles alone should car pool or use public transport instead. The government should also provide cheap monthly passes to public, so that they will use public transport more than their own vehicles.”
Yashi Srivastava (20), Prayagraj, Uttar Pradesh
"Climate change has brought about possibly irreversible alterations to Earth’s geological, biological and ecological systems. These changes have led to the emergence of large-scale environmental hazards to human health, such as extreme weather, ozone depletion, increased danger of wildfires, loss of biodiversity, stresses to food-producing systems and the global spread of infectious diseases. In addition, climatic changes are estimated to cause over 150,000 deaths annually. The consequences of climate change and poverty are not distributed uniformly within communities. Individual and social factors such as gender, age, education, ethnicity, geography and language lead to differential vulnerability and capacity to adapt to the effects of climate change.
To combat this, the government can strive to protect and restore key ecosystems. Respect for nature is fundamental. Key ecosystems in the fight against climate change include: rivers, wetlands, oceans, forests and mangroves that absorb large quantities of carbon. Mangroves also serve as a barrier against tropical storms, and wetlands absorb excess water from floods, both extreme weather events exacerbated by climate change.
Bet on adaptation, not just mitigation.
In the fight against climate change, work aimed at reducing emissions, stopping their effects and diminishing future consequences is known as mitigation. However, some communities are already experiencing tragic consequences. So we also must act to prevent catastrophes, increase resilience, and reduce vulnerability, which is known as adaptation."
YWater (Youth Organization)
"The Climate Crisis has emerged as one of the most crucial generational issues facing us as mankind today. The impact it has and will have on the generations to come is largely unforeseen and that is what is scary about it.
Rising concerns about the potential social, economic and environmental impacts of greenhouse gases have led to major debates at a global level about the possible mitigation and adaptation strategies that nations should undertake to help them transition to a low carbon development pathway.
The problem is a collective one and if we choose to not act collectively, we are certainly doomed.
What we fail to see is that every action we take has a direct impact on the climate and the burden of change is on us. The cutting down of forests in the name of development like in the case of Arrey forest in Mumbai which has got a green signal for a metro construction project or mining of coal from the forests in Madhya Pradesh which has led to extensive loss of green cover.
India is extremely vulnerable to the climate impacts, for example increase in temperature can damage crops threatening food security or rise in sea level could submerge for coastal areas like Mumbai. But, India is also now a major contributer to green house gases, being the 4th largest gloabl emitter.
The time to act is now and we need to be shouting and demanding positive climate action. As an organisation YWater is focused on collecting these voices and is working to amplify them so we can be stronger as a collective while demanding climate justice."