Learn More About Climate Action


Girls sitting hugging their knees, looking at the sky and having trees on dry ground


According to UNDP, climate action “means stepped-up efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-induced impacts, including: climate-related hazards in all countries; integrating climate change measures into national policies, strategies and planning; and improving education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity with respect to climate change mitigation, adaptation, impact reduction and early warning.” It requires mobilizing tens of billions US$ annually to address the needs of developing and developed countries in moving towards a low-carbon economy and building resilience and adaptation.

For a brief yet concise background and overview on climate action, see the SDG Help Desk's dedicated Thematic Area.
For a brief yet concise background and overview on climate finance, see the SDG Help Desk's dedicated Thematic Area

The Paris Agreement

Central to climate action is the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement builds off of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and, for the first time brings all nations together into a common cause to undertake ambitious efforts to combat climate change and adapt to its effects. Learn more about the Paris Agreement.

Meanwhile, at the heart of the Paris Agreement are the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and adapt to the impacts of climate change. For more information on the NDCs, see here.   

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

Working in tandem with the Paris Agreement are the SDGs which are mutually reinforcing. The SDGs are a collection of 17 thematic and cross-cutting development goals, containing 169 targets, set by the United Nations General Assembly in 2015. They are part of Resolution 70/1 of the United Nations General Assembly “Transforming our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.” Within each SDG are aspects of the three dimensions of sustainable development: the environmental, economic, and social dimensions. 

You can find out more about the SDGs here.  Climate action is represented by SDG 13: Climate Action

Additional information on SDG 13 can be found by clicking on the links to the various dedicated organizational pages below:

Climate Action Links


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