Asia and the Pacific

Mother Nature's Bounty: In response to the climate crisis, women are turning to vermicomposting as an alternative source of income in Turkmenistan

In the face of climate change, environmental degradation, a rise in extreme weather and other factors, the Amu Darya River can no longer sustain the farmers who have relied on its bounty to feed their families, grow their crops and ensure their livelihoods for centuries.

TanSat Mission to Promote Global Carbon Monitoring

The TanSat mission is the first Chinese mini-satellite dedicated to the detection and monitoring of carbon dioxide (CO2). In 2016, the satellite was launched into space, making China the third country after Japan and the United States of America to monitor greenhouse gas emissions through its own satellite. The data collected by TanSat has helped to improve the understanding of global carbon dioxide distribution, its seasonal variation, and its impacts on climate change.

Solar Site Selection Using Geospatial Information: India

To determine the suitability of a location for generating solar energy, the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) uses solar data derived from measurements on-board the geostationary satellite Kalpana. This is used in conjunction with global horizontal, direct normal and diffuse horizontal irradiance along with capacity utilization factors, these are available at an hourly temporal resolution.

Operationalization of the Regional Drought Mechanism: Mongolia

To help address the challenges of drought monitoring, Mongolia became the first pilot country for ESCAP’s Regional Drought Mechanism. The process began in 2013 following a request to ESCAP to pilot the Mechanism through the Mongolian National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) within the Information and Research Institute of Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment (IRIMHE).

Managing Agricultural Areas through Space Applications and GISTDA Initiatives: Thailand

The Land Development Department of Thailand (LDD), uses space applications to support the country’s agricultural sector in many ways, including surveying soil classification for agricultural planning, and for agricultural land census. Surveying soil classification for agricultural planning uses satellite images in combination with aerial imagery, such as through the Soil series visualisation system.

Lockdown Measure Impacts and COVID-19 iMAP Dashboard: Thailand

The Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA), in Thailand, used space applications to combat COVID-19, in particular to enable policymakers to utilize COVID-19 related data. GISTDA used space applications to monitor the COVID-19 situation and visualize the impact of the policies employed in the country. For example, GISTDA analysed reduced night-light images to monitor the impact from lock-down measures.

International Charter and Early Detection to Assist in Cyclone ‘Fani’: India

The 2019 cyclonic storm ‘Fani’ was one of the severest cyclones, in the past two decades, to hit the Bay of Bengal, affecting around 100 million people in South Asia. The cyclone travelled from India's Andaman Islands to Mount Everest in Nepal. Among the countries impacted along its way, India and Bangladesh faced the most extreme damages. A similar cyclone, the Odisha cyclone that occurred in 1999, caused more than 10,000 deaths in these two countries.