The main objective of this report is to provide a regional synthesis of the current climate change mitigation and adaptation commitments in the agriculture sectors of the Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia (SEECA) region, as set forth in the NDCs, and to identify opportunities for enhancing mitigation and adaptation ambitions, capturing their synergies and leveraging climate finance and international support options in the region. It aims to guide international agencies – and policy makers and practitioners in the region – committed to providing the country support required for accelerating progress on and scaling up NDCs in the agriculture sectors, and ensuring that future commitments are clear, quantifiable, comparable, transparent and ambitious.
The SEECA region refers to the composition of geographical regions called Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and Central Asia (UNSD, n.d.). The SEECA region comprises three Annex I Parties to the UNFCCC (Belarus, Ukraine and the Russian Federation) and 11 nonAnnex I Parties (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Republic of Moldova, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Serbia and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia). All countries in the region, with the exception of three,4 ratified the Paris Agreement at the time that the present report was developed.
The NDCs are the product of a bottom-up process characterized by different national approaches and processes. They vary greatly in terms of format, scale and detail, resulting from differing perspectives, degrees of technical and institutional capacity, biophysical and economic opportunity and political will. For instance, not all countries integrate in their NDC an adaptation component. For these reasons any comparison between them has to be taken with caution. To facilitate the synthesis and analysis of the NDCs in the agriculture sectors FAO developed a common framework and methodology (see methodological notes).
Linked to climate action are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Agenda, which sets out a vision for a hunger-free, more equitable, sustainable, peaceful and resilient world in 2030. Closing the emissions gap while safeguarding food security and pulling the millions out of extreme poverty can only be achieved in a context of sustainable development, and sustainable development can only be achieved if coupled with a lowemission and climate-resilient future.