The building sector exhibits massive untapped potential for climate mitigation and adaptation: buildings accounted for the largest share of energy-related CO2 emissions (38 percent) in 2019. With rising incomes, urbanization, and population growth, the built surface is set to double by 2060. Most new buildings are highly inefficient when it comes to energy consumption. Given the current average lifetime of a building (30 to 80 years), there is an enormous risk of high-carbon lock in.
Forests, and forest monitoring in particular, are critical to ensuring that countries stay on target with emission reduction goals within the framework of the Paris Agreement. A robust National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) can support the formulation, monitoring and adjustment of sub- and national forest-related policies, inform citizens and stakeholders and help track progress towards sustainable forest management and reducing emissions related to forest loss.