Article 6 of the Paris Agreement is generally known as the “markets article.” While broadly correct,
it could more properly be called the “article on international cooperation.” A number of provisions address
specific instances of cooperation that involve using internationally transferred mitigation outcomes
(ITMOs) toward meeting nationally determined contributions (NDCs), and creating a framework for

This report synthesizes some of the main issues addressed in the fourth round of VNRs that took place during the 2019 HLPF under the auspices of the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), from 9 to 18 July 2019. 47 countries presented their VNRs: seven countries conducting their second VNR presented on 15 July1 and 40 countries presenting a VNR for the first time presented during the ministerial segment of the HLPF, from 16 to 18 July.2

As the world strives to cut greenhouse gas emissions and limit climate change, it is crucial to track progress towards globally agreed climate goals. For a decade, UNEP’s Emissions Gap Report has compared where greenhouse gas emissions are heading against where they need to be, and highlighted the best ways to close the gap.

What’s new in this year’s report?

To read Fact Sheets, Case Studies, and Scoping Studies from Indonesia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Sri Lanka, see the PDF on this page.

At the recently concluded United Nations System Chief Executive Board (CEB) session, the  UN Secretary-General emphasized the crucial role of high-quality, timely, and reliable data, disaggregated and supplemented with necessary contextual information, for the success of delivering the SDGs.  National statistical systems face challenges not only in producing statistics to fill data gaps, but also in integrating and making existing SDG-related d

The Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st Century (PARIS21) promotes the better use and production of statistics throughout the developing world. Since its establishment in 1999, PARIS21 has successfully developed a worldwide network of statisticians, policy makers, analysts, and development practitioners committed to evidence-based decision making.

The comparative analysis of Voluntary National Re- views (VNRs) identifies similarities and differences in the reviews the UN Member States submitted to the High-level Political Forum on Sustainable Development (HLPF) in July 2019. The analysis shows that the countries expressed a strong commitment to implement the 2030 Agenda. However, steps taken to achieve sustainable development vary significantly in approach and degree.

With the global challenge of climate action threatening progress made on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a new report from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) and the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) offers ways to better serve both the world’s efforts to achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement and the SDGs to ensure better lives for all people.

This is a handbook for country preparation and presentation of voluntary national reviews (VNRs). It should be read in conjunction with the updated Secretary-General’s proposal for voluntary common reporting guidelines for voluntary national reviews at the High-level Political Forum on sustainable development (HLPF). The updated Secretary-General’s voluntary common guidelines are attached in the handbook as annex 2.

“Inclusion at Work: Guidelines for Social Inclusion in China” is a bilingual report focused on the employment of people with developmental and learning disabilities.