The importance of transport to the global economy cannot be overemphasized. Mobility of people and goods remains vital for economic development and personal well-being of communities and nations. As the global human population increases, increased need for mobility
investments is inevitable. Nevertheless, despite the importance of the transport sector, it remains one of the major emitters of greenhouse gases, accounting for approximately 25 per cent of global energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. In the context of sustainable development, low-carbon transport systems that meet wider social, economic and environmental needs are essential to help communities and cities achieve associated co-benefits in sectors including health, education, environment, economy and commerce.
In IsDB member countries, emissions from transport are projected to double between 2020 and 2050. Thus, urgent action is required to reverse this trend and to further increase the resilience of transport systems against the threats of climate change, especially in critically vulnerable IsDB member countries.